Kilner is director of the major Australian literature research and publishing environment, AustLit (www.austlit.edu.au). Her involvement with AustLit extends to its inception in 1999. She has a long history in bibliographical research and was project manager and co-associate editor of the four volume print Bibliography of Australian Literature (published between 2001-2008). She worked at Monash University from 1993 until 1998 when she moved to UQ to steer the bibliography project into a web-based collaboration between multiple universities.
Her research interests have included Australian drama, in which she has published articles and edited a volume of three short plays written by Australian women in the 1920s, bibliography and, since her involvement with AustLit, in the emergence of digital humanities. Her current research interests are in the field of Digital Humanities in which she is undertaking a PhD at The University of Queensland.